ŠEŠELJ, Vojislav (MICT-16-99)


In February 1991, Vojislav Šešelj was appointed President of the newly founded Serbian Radical Party. In June 1991, he was elected as a member of the Assembly of the Republic of Serbia.

Acquitted by an ICTY Trial Chamber on 31 March 2016.

On 29 August 2016, the Prosecution filed a public redacted version of its appeal brief.

Recent developments: The Appeal Judgement will be rendered on 11 April 2018 at the Mechanism’s Hague branch.


Initial indictment filed on 15 January 2003. Operational indictment filed on 7 December 2007.


Surrendered on 23 February 2003. Transferred on 24 February 2003.

ICTY Trial Chamber Judgement

Delivered on 31 March 2016.

The Trial Chamber acquitted Vojislav Šešelj of three co unts of crimes against humanity and six counts of violations of the laws or customs of war.

MICT Appeals Chamber

Judge Theodor Meron (Presiding)

Judge Lee G. Muthoga

Judge Florence Rita Arrey

Judge Ben Emmerson

Judge Ivo Nelson de Caires Batista Rosa

Status of the Case


Appeals Proceedings (Ongoing)

On 2 May 2016, the Prosecution filed its notice of appeal against the ICTY Trial Judgement.

On 29 August 2016, the Prosecution filed a public redacted version of its appeal brief (filed confidentially on 18 July 2016).

On 19 December 2016, Vojislav Šešelj submitted his respondent’s brief in Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian (“B/C/S”). The official translation of the Respondent’s brief into one of the working languages of the Mechanism was filed on 7 February 2017. The Prosecution filed its reply brief on 22 February 2017.

On 18 September 2017, the MICT Appeals Chamber issued an order inviting Šešelj to clarify whether or not he maintained his earlier stated position not to attend the appeal hearing, and warning him that, if he chose not to attend, the Registrar would be instructed to assign a standby counsel.

On 11 October 2017, following Šešelj’s refusal to respond to the order within the given 10-day deadline, the Appeals Chamber instructed the Registrar to assign a standby counsel, with a mandate strictly limited to ensuring that Šešelj’s procedural rights at the appeal hearing would be protected in the event that he did not appear for the hearing.

On 17 October 2017, the Appeals Chamber scheduled the appeal hearing for 13 December 2017. In doing so, the Appeals Chamber informed the parties that, should Šešelj not participate in the hearing, his response in writing to the Prosecution’s oral arguments would be due within 10 days of receiving the B/C/S transcript of the hearing, and that the Prosecution may file a reply within five days of receiving the English translation of Šešelj’s response.

On 19 October 2017, in accordance with the Appeals Chamber’s decision of 11 October 2017, the Registrar assigned Colleen Rohan as standby counsel to Šešelj.

On 13 December 2017, the Appeals Chamber heard oral arguments in the appeal filed by the Prosecution. Since Šešelj did not appear for the appeal hearing, standby counsel was present at the hearing to protect his procedural interests.

On 25 December 2017, Šešelj confirmed receipt of the B/C/S transcript of the appeal hearing.

The Appeal Judgement will be rendered on 11 April 2018 at the Mechanism’s Hague branch.

Case Background Information


Vojislav Šešelj was charged before the ICTY with three counts of crimes against humanity and six counts of violations of the laws or customs of war committed during the period from August 1991 until September 1993.

The indictment alleged that Šešelj planned, ordered, instigated, committed, including through his participation in a joint criminal enterprise (“JCE”), or otherwise aided and abetted in the planning, preparation or execution of these crimes. The indictment alleged that the purpose of the JCE was the permanent forcible removal of a majority of the Croat, Muslim and other non-Serb civilian populations from parts of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and the province of Vojvodina in the Republic of Serbia.

Three counts of crimes against humanity
  • Persecutions on political, racial or religious grounds (Count 1)
  • Deportation, inhumane acts (forcible transfer) (Counts 10 and 11)
Six counts of violations of the laws or customs of war
  • Murder (Count 4)
  • Torture and cruel treatment (Counts 8 and 9)
  • Wanton destruction, destruction or willful damage done to institutions dedicated to religion or education, plunder of public or private property (Counts 12, 13 and 14)*

* Counts 2, 3, 5, 6 and 7 were removed from the initial indictment.

ICTY Trial Chamber Judgement

On 31 March 2016, Trial Chamber III of the ICTY acquitted Šešelj of all charges of the indictment, with a majority decision on eight counts and a unanimous decision on one count.

The Trial Chamber, by majority, found that the Prosecution had failed to prove the existence of a JCE. In relation to the allegations that, in his speeches, Šešelj incited the commission of crimes, for some of those speeches, the Trial Chamber, by majority, could not rule out the reasonable possibility that they were made in a context of conflict and were meant to boost the morale of the troops of his camp, rather than calling upon the troops to spare no one. The Chamber, by majority, found that other speeches delivered by Šešelj constituted clear appeals for the expulsion and forcible transfer of Croats. However, the Chamber, by majority, found that the rosecutor had failed to prove a causal link between the speeches and the commission of the crimes.

Start of ICTY Trial

7 November 2007*

Prosecution Case


7 November 2007


13 January 2010

Closing Arguments


5 March 2012


20 March 2012

ICTY Trial Chamber Judgement

31 March 2016




ICTY trial days



Total exhibits admitted at trial








Total witnesses called at trial








* The trial first started on 27 November 2006. A restart of the trial was ordered by the ICTY Appeals Chamber on 8 December 2006.
** There was no Defence case.