Searching for the Fugitives

The establishment of the Mechanism is a key step in the Completion Strategies of the two tribunals. The tracking, arrest and prosecution of the remaining fugitives indicted by the ICTR is a top priority for the Mechanism. Of the 90 persons indicted by the ICTR, 8 remain at large. Of these, three have been earmarked for trial by the Mechanism: Félicien Kabuga, Protais Mpiranya and Augustin Bizimana. The ICTR Prosecutor has requested referrals to Rwanda in the cases of the five other fugitives: Fulgence Kayishema, Charles Sikubwabo, Aloys Ndimbati, Ryandikayo, and Phénéas Munyarugarama. Ladislas Ntaganzwa was arrested on 9 December 2015 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo He was transferred to Rwanda on 20 March 2016.

Fugitives posterUnlike national systems, the Mechanism has no police force and no powers of arrest. It remains reliant on the cooperation of national governments to arrest fugitives. Under the Mechanism’s Statute, member states are obliged to cooperate unconditionally and to comply with requests for assistance and orders of the Mechanism.

The Mechanism's Office of the Prosecutor has a tracking team that is responsible for gathering intelligence on the whereabouts and activities of the fugitives and providing support to national law enforcement authorities in arresting them.

The work of the Tracking team involves severe challenges: the strategies of the fugitives for evading justice include not only identity changes but also a constant mobility across a large belt of East, Central and Southern Africa, and inaccessible areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The collaboration of the states in which the fugitives are suspected to be taking refuge is crucial in order to succeed in apprehending those individuals.

3 fugitives to be tried by the Mechanism

Bizimana, Augustin
  • Date of birth: 28 August 1952
  • Function: former Minister of Defence
  • Crimes indicted for: genocide, complicity in genocide (in the alternative to genocide), crimes against humanity (murder, extermination, rape, torture, persecution, and other inhumane acts), serious violations of Common Article 3 and Additional Protocol II (murder, torture, rape, cruel treatment, outrages upon personal dignity)
  • At large since: 29 August 1998
  • Warrant of arrest
Mpiranya, Protais
  • Date of birth: around 1960
  • Function: former Commander of the Rwandan Presidential Guard
  • Crimes indicted for: genocide, complicity in genocide (in the alternative to genocide), crimes against humanity (murder, extermination, rape, persecution and other inhumane acts), violations of Article 3 of the Geneva Convention and Additional Protocol II (murder)
  • At large since: 28 January 2000
  • Warrant of arrest
Kabuga, Félicien
  • Date of birth: 1935
  • Function: businessman; President of the Comité Provisoire of the Fonds de Défense Nationale (FDN); President of the Comité d’initiative of Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM)
  • Crimes indicted for: genocide, complicity in genocide (in the alternative to genocide), direct and public incitement to commit genocide, attempt to commit genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide, crimes against humanity (persecution, extermination)
  • At large since: 26 November 1997
  • Warrant of arrest

5 fugitives to be tried by the Rwandan judiciary

Kayishema, Fulgence
  • Date of birth: 1961
  • Function: former Judicial Police Inspector of Kivumu Commune in Kibuye Prefecture
  • Crimes indicted for: genocide, complicity in genocide (in the alternative to genocide), conspiracy to commit genocide, crimes against humanity (extermination).
  • At large since: 4 July 2001
  • Case transferred: 22 February 2012
  • Warrant of arrest
Munyarugarama, Phénéas
  • Date of birth: 1 January 1948
  • Function: Lieutenant Colonel in the Forces Armées Rwandaises; the highest ranking military officer at Gako camp, in the Bugesera region of Kigali-rural prefecture between early 1993 and 14 May 1994
  • Crimes indicted for: genocide, complicity in genocide (in the alternative to genocide), direct and public incitement to commit genocide, crimes against humanity (extermination, murder, persecution and rape)
  • At large since: 4 March 2002
  • Case transferred: 28 June 2012
  • Warrant of arrest
Ndimbati, Aloys
  • Date of birth: early to mid-1950s
  • Function: former mayor of Gisovu commune, Kibuye Prefecture
  • Crimes indicted for: genocide, complicity in genocide (in the alternative to genocide), direct and public incitement to commit genocide, crimes against humanity (extermination, murder, persecution and rape)
  • At large since: 28 November 1995
  • Case transferred: 25 June 2012
  • Warrant of arrest
Ntaganzwa, Ladislas [ Arrested 9 December 2015 ]
  • Date of birth: 1962
  • Function: former mayor of Nyakizu commune in Butare; Chairman of the MRND for the Nyakizu commune
  • Crimes indicted for: genocide; direct and public incitement to commit genocide, crimes against humanity (extermination, murder and rape)
  • At large since: 19 June 1996
  • Case transferred: 8 May 2012
  • Warrant of arrest
Ryandikayo
  • Date of birth: around 1961
  • Function: a businessman in Mubuga secteur, Gishyita commune; a member of the political party Mouvement Démocratique Républicain (MDR) – Power Faction
  • Crimes indicted for: genocide, complicity in genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, crimes against humanity (extermination, murder, persecution, rape)
  • At large since: 28 November 1995
  • Case transferred: 20 June 2012
  • Warrant of arrest
Sikubwabo, Charles
  • Date of birth: early to mid-1940s
  • Function: Bourgmestre (mayor) of Gishyita in the Kibuye Prefecture
  • Crimes indicted for: genocide, complicity in genocide (in the alternative to genocide), conspiracy to commit genocide, crimes against humanity (murder, extermination and other inhumane acts)
  • At large since: 28 November 1995
  • Case transferred: 26 March 2012
  • Warrant of arrest